Alphabet

Greek Alphabet

 

α Α alpha = a A

β Β beta = b B

γ Γ gamma = g G (hard g as in good)

δ Δ delta = d D

ε Ε epsilon = e E (short e as in get)

ζ Ζ zeta = z Z (ds)

η Η eta = e E (long e as in feet)

θ Θ theta = th Th

ι Ι iota = i I

κ Κ kappa = k K

λ Λ lambda = l L

μ Μ mu = m M

ν Ν nu = n N

ξ Ξ xi = x X (ks)

ο Ο omicron = o O (short o as in got)

π Π pi = p P

ρ Ρ rho = rh, r Rh, R

σ, ς Σ sigma = s S (ς only at the end of a word)

τ Τ tau = t T

υ Υ upsilon = u U

φ Φ phi = ph Ph

χ Χ chi = ch Ch (as in chorus)

ψ Ψ psi = ps Ps

ω Ω omega = o O (long o as in bone)

 

over a vowel at the beginning of a word is equivalent to the letter h H e.g. ‛οδος (pronounced hodos); this is called a rough breathing

 

A good place to practise the letters of the Greek alphabet is the Open University website Introducing Ancient Greek: http://www.open.ac.uk/Arts/greek/#

 

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