Sophia says: How to recognise direct and indirect questions

Sophia says: How to recognise direct and indirect questions

Direct questions are introduced by an interrogative (questioning) word followed by an indicative verb. Note that the equivalent of our question mark is ; Take care not to mix up interrogative (τι´ς) and indefinite (τις) pronouns (word order will help). The negative is ου.

Common interrogatives include:
αρα; – if used introduces a simple question
αρα ου; – surely?
αρα μη; – surely… not?
τι´ς; – who?
τι´; – what?
που; – where?
ποι; – where to?
ποθεν; – where from?
ποτε; – when?
πως; – how?

Note also ποτερον… η – whether… or

Examples
αρα αυτω˛ πιστευουσι; = Do they trust him?
αρα ου αυτω˛ πιστευουσι; = Surely they trust him? (Expects the answer ‘yes’)
τι´ς εστι ‛ο ξενος; = Who is the stranger?

Indirect questions are introduced by an interrogative word, most commonly followed by an indicative verb in the tense used by the original speaker. Note that indirect questions may follow verbs which do not mean ask (e.g. say, see, hear). The negative is ου.

Examples
ηρετο που ‛οι πολεμιοι εισι = He asked where the enemy were
ηρετο αυτους ποτερον ενικησαν η ου = He asked them whether they had won or not

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