Sophia says: Understand augments and reduplication

Sophia the donkey

Sophia the donkey

Sophia says: Understand augments and reduplication

An augment (increase) is added at the beginning of Greek main verbs to indicate past time, as in the imperfect and aorist tenses:

ελυον I was setting free
ελυσα I set free (did set free)

Reduplication is doubling of the sound at the beginning of a word, and is used in the perfect and pluperfect tenses:

λελυκα I have set free

In the pluperfect tense a (second) augment precedes the reduplicated perfect:

ελελυκη I had set free


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s